User Tools

Site Tools

This translation is older than the original page and might be outdated. See what has changed.

Translations:
en

en:bpi-r2:network:nftables

Table of Contents

NFTables

forwarding: https://www.eukhost.com/kb/how-to-enable-ip-forwarding-on-linux-ipv4-ipv6/

apt install nftables
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

nft list ruleset
nft add table nat
nft add chain ip nat prerouting { type nat hook prerouting priority 100 \; }
nft add chain ip nat postrouting { type nat hook postrouting priority 100 \; }
nft add rule nat postrouting masquerade

#portforwarding
nft add rule nat prerouting iif lan1 tcp dport 443 dnat 192.168.0.10:443 # ip needs to be routed to other interface then in-interface (here lan1)

named priorities (>=0.9.1): https://thermalcircle.de/doku.php?id=blog:linux:nftables_packet_flow_netfilter_hooks_detail

hwnat

https://github.com/frank-w/BPI-R2-4.14/commits/5.12-hnat

ipv6 mangle does not support hnat (connection reset!)

to get hwnat working, a newer version of nftables is needed than available in debian buster

https://github.com/frank-w/nftables-bpi

compiled: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1hajKvqQa96WRrAy52fQX90i59I1s0h-i?usp=sharing

basic IPv4 Ruleset:

flush ruleset
table ip filter {
        flowtable f {
                hook ingress priority filter + 1
                devices = { lan3, lan0, wan }
                flags offload;
        }
        chain input {
                type filter hook input priority filter; policy accept;
        }

        chain output {
                type filter hook output priority filter; policy accept;
        }

        chain forward {
                type filter hook forward priority filter; policy accept;
                ip protocol { tcp, udp } flow add @f
        }
}
table ip nat {
        chain post {
                type nat hook postrouting priority filter; policy accept;
                oifname "wan" masquerade
        }

        chain pre {
                type nat hook prerouting priority filter; policy accept;
        }
}

basic v6 Ruleset (hw-nat for IPv6 not supported):

flush ruleset
table ip6 filter {
        flowtable f {
                hook ingress priority 1
                devices = { lan3, lan0, wan }
                flags offload;
        }
        chain input {
                type filter hook input priority 0; policy accept;
        }

        chain output {
                type filter hook output priority 0; policy accept;
        }

        chain forward {
                type filter hook forward priority 0; policy accept;
                ip6 nexthdr { tcp, udp } flow add @f
        }
}
table ip6 nat {
        chain post {
                type nat hook postrouting priority 0; policy accept;
                #oifname "wan" masquerade
        }

        chain pre {
                type nat hook prerouting priority 0; policy accept;
        }
}

test it:

nft -f nft-nat-flowoffload.nft
#generate traffic from client e.g. iperf3
cat /sys/kernel/debug/mtk_ppe/entries

IPV6-Setup

#!/bin/bash
#on main-router:
#ip -6 route add fd00:a2::/64 via fd00:a::12
#ip -6 route add 2001:470:xxxx:a2::/64 via 2001:470:xxxx::12

ip -6 addr add fd00:a::12/64 dev wan                             
ip -6 addr add fd00:a2::12/64 dev lan3

ip -6 addr add 2001:470:xxxx::12/64 dev wan                             
ip -6 addr add 2001:470:xxxx:a2::12/64 dev lan3

sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1
en/bpi-r2/network/nftables.txt · Last modified: 2021/04/16 18:39 by frank